ACSBlog

  • May 23, 2016
    BookTalk
    Hurrah for Liberals
    How progressives defeated conservatives to create democracy, human rights, and safe modern life
    By: 
    James A. Haught

    by James A. Haught, editor emeritus, The Charleston Gazette-Mail. This essay is drawn from his latest book, Hurrah for Liberals.

    In the chaotic presidential campaign, the remarkable popularity of Democratic Socialist Bernie Sanders spotlights a large, not-always-recognized vein of liberal political sympathy in America. Suddenly, the L-word is popular again ― not an embarrassment to be avoided. That’s great, I think, because progressives have been the driving force behind most social improvements in western civilization.

    Look at the historical record: In the three centuries since the Enlightenment, democracy, human rights, personal liberties and family wellbeing have blossomed. Life gradually became more decent and humane. Virtually all the advances were won by reform-minded liberals who defeated conservatives defending former hierarchies, privileges and inequalities.

    Conservatives tried to retain slavery, but they lost.

    They tried to block voting by women, but lost.

    They tried to prevent couples from using birth control, but lost.

    They tried to obstruct Social Security pensions for oldsters and the disabled, but lost.

    They tried to outlaw labor unions, but lost.

    They supported government-led prayer in school, but lost.

    They tried to continue throwing gays in prison, but lost.

    They tried to defeat Medicare and Medicaid, but lost.

    They fought against racial equality and tried to outlaw interracial marriage, but lost.

    They tried to censor sexy magazines, books and movies, but lost.

    They tried to halt same-sex marriage, but lost.

  • May 23, 2016

    by Jim Thompson

    The Oklahoma Department of Corrections breached protocol multiple times during recent attempts to execute inmates according to a report released Thursday by a grand jury tasked with investigating the department, says Kim Bellware at Huffington Post.

    At MSNBC, Zachary Roth praises Oregon’s automatic voter registration law, which “has particularly helped groups that have traditionally been alienated from the process, including the young and racial minorities.”

    The Supreme Court on Monday voted unanimously to uphold a lower court decision that says Virginia’s congressional districting map unconstitutionally packs black voters into certain districts, reports the Associated Press

  • May 20, 2016
    Guest Post

    by Herman N. (Rusty) Johnson, Jr., Associate Professor of Law, Samford University Cumberland School of Law

    May 18, 2016, is a momentous day for U.S. workers. The U.S. Department of Labor released new overtime rules that restore the New Deal-era promise of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) by increasing the salary level required to exempt certain employees from overtime pay. The new rules will be a boon for working and middle class Americans, as it will increase their pay, provide them more time to spend with their families, lead to improvements in health and productivity, and create jobs.

    The FLSA, originally enacted in 1938, assures overtime premium pay of time-and-a-half for employees who work more than 40 hours per week. However, the FLSA exempts some types of employees from the overtime protection, in particular white collar workers classified as executive, administrative, professional, outside sales, and computer employees. Congress delegated authority to the Secretary of Labor to define the exemptions, and generally, employers must satisfy three requirements to properly classify employees as exempt pursuant to a white collar category: 1) the employees must be paid a fixed salary, 2) the employees must be paid at least a specific salary amount, and 3) the employees’ primary duties must involve one of the enumerated exemptions.

    Currently, the DOL’s regulations set the salary level at $455 per week, which is $23,660 on an annual basis. The rigors of inflation and inattention have eroded the FLSA’s overtime protection at this level. The designated amount is less than the poverty line for a family of four and only 1.6 times the federal minimum wage of $7.25. Furthermore, at present, a mere seven percent of salaried workers receive overtime protection, whereas 62 percent did so in 1975.

    The new DOL regulations increase the salary level required to trigger the white collar exemptions. The revised rule, which takes effect December 1 of this year, sets the salary level at $913 per week, or $47,476 annually, which equates to the 40th percentile of earnings of full-time salaried workers in the lowest-wage Census region (currently the South). The new rule also creates an updating mechanism which benchmarks the salary level every three years to the same metric.

  • May 20, 2016

    by Jim Thompson

    Oklahoma lawmakers passed a bill that, if signed into law, will make it a felony to perform an abortion, reports Merrit Kennedy at NPR.

    At The Atlantic, Vann R. Newkirk II examines segregation in America’s healthcare system, noting, “Racial differences in almost every health outcome ‒ from infant mortality to life expectancy ‒ are obvious and pronounced, especially between white people and black people.”

    Patricia J. Williams at The Nation says many of the proposed solutions to combatting the Zika virus highlight the dangers of letting religion affect public health policy. 

  • May 19, 2016

    by Alan B. Morrison, Lerner Family Associate Dean for Public Interest & Public Service Law, The George Washington University Law School

    The founders of Uber had a great idea. We know that because millions of Americans use its service daily. We also know it because hundreds of thousands of individuals have signed up to drive for Uber, and many of them love the opportunities it presents: make a little extra cash, control your working hours, and make money from a car that sits idle much of the time.

    On the negative side, Uber treats drivers as independent contractors, not employees, and that means that the drivers pay the employer’s as well as the worker’s share of Social Security and Medicare taxes, they get no vacation or sick pay, and if they are thinking about saving for retirement, they have to kick in 100 percent. In addition, some drivers are unhappy because Uber is able to unilaterally change the conditions under which its drivers work, generally to the detriment of the driver. Some drivers have taken Uber to court or to the National Labor Relations Board, claiming that they are being improperly classified as independent contractors, not employees under state and federal laws. Some of those cases may result in favorable rulings several years from now, but given the fact that many drivers work for Uber only a few hours a week or no more than half time, there is a real likelihood that many of them will be found to be properly classified as independent contractors.

    The leadership in Teamster Local 117 in Seattle had a different idea. They decided to seek legislation that would entitle Uber drivers (and others working for other companies, including taxi companies) to engage in collective bargaining as a means of gaining some leverage with Uber. Under current law, the right to engage in collective bargaining is limited to “employees,” and the idea was to create a comparable right for Uber drivers. The union convinced the Seattle City Council, led by Mike O’Brien, to enact such a law. There was considerable opposition to the law from Uber and its competitors, as well as the business community generally. Mayor Ed Murray declined to sign the law because of his concerns of the burdens that it would place on the City to implement it, but he did not veto it, and so the law became effective on December 23, 2015.