Samuel R. Bagenstos, Frank G. Millard Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School
For many of us, Labor Day marks the end of summer. We’ll perhaps have a cookout with family, friends, and neighbors, or maybe take advantage of the deals at the local shopping mall.
But the Labor Day holiday, officially declared in 1894, once meant much more than that. The American Federation of Labor president Samuel Gompers described it as a day when workers would “meet at their parks, groves and grounds, and by appropriate speech, counsel with, and pledge to, each other that the coming year shall witness greater efforts than the preceding in the grand struggle to make mankind free, true and noble.”