by James P. Rooney, Administrative Law Judge
On Jan. 20, 2017, Donald J. Trump was inaugurated as the 45th president of the United States. He became the second president this century who won the electoral vote but not the popular vote. Continuing to tolerate a system of election to our one national office in which the winner of the popular vote loses the election time and again will not be good for our democracy. Mr. Trump agrees. In his post-election interview with 60 Minutes, he stood by his comment in 2012 that the Electoral College is a “disaster for a democracy.” He said, “I'm not gonna change my mind just because I won. But, I would rather see it where you went with simple votes. You know, you get 100 million votes, somebody else gets 90 million votes, and you win. There's a reason for doing this because it brings all the states into play.”
It is this last point that is key to the major problem with the Electoral College even when the popular and electoral votes do not diverge. Although the Constitution does not tell states how to choose electors, 48 of the 50 states have chosen a winner-take-all system in which whoever wins that state’s popular vote gets all the state’s electors. The major consequence of this system is that presidential candidates focus all their attention on swing states and none on the vast majority of states where it is clear which party’s candidate will win the statewide election. And as unconventional as this presidential election was, it was utterly conventional in its focus on swing states. Eighty-seven percent of the campaign events in the general election were held in just ten states: Florida, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Virginia, Michigan, New Hampshire, Iowa, Colorado and Nevada.