Judicial Nominations

  • February 13, 2015

    by Caroline Cox

    In Thursday’s Senate Judiciary Committee Executive Session discussion, four nominees were held over until a later meeting: Alfred Bennett, George C. Hanks, Jr., and Jose R. Olvera, Jr. to be U.S. District Judges for the Southern District of Texas and Jill N. Parrish to be a U.S. District Judge for the District of Utah. 

    Despite change in leadership of the Senate Judiciary Committee, the pattern of Republican obstructionism continues with the use of the procedural tactic to “hold over” judicial nominees. Alliance for Justice critiques the practice in a recent blog post.

    The Detroit Free Press reports that in a meeting with President Barack Obama at the White House this week, Muslim-American leaders asked the president to nominate a Muslim-American to the federal bench. There has not yet been a federal judge in the U.S. who is Muslim.

    Vocativ provides a list of the senators that have been the most likely to vote against Obama appointees and stall the judicial nomination process. 

  • February 6, 2015

    by Caroline Cox

    On Wednesday, President Obama nominated Waverly D. Crenshaw Jr. and Lawrence Joseph Vilardo to serve on the United States District Courts. Crenshaw is nominated to serve on the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee, and Vilardo is nominated to serve on the U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York. These are the first announcements of judicial nominees for 2015.

    Jonathan Bernstein asserts at Bloomberg View that it is time for the Republican Senate to make the first confirmation of 2015. “[I]t’s important for the government to function smoothly, and that means filling vacancies,” writes Bernstein.

    Judiciary Committee members in the House and Senate have introduced a bill that aims to stop sue-and-settle regulation, reports The Hill. Thirty-five groups, including the Alliance for Justice, have published an open letter urging Congress to ensure that citizens can stand up for their rights in court.

    Lawmakers are still considering whether to change Senate rules so that Supreme Court nominees could be confirmed with a simple majority, reports The Wall Street Journal. James Downie at The Washington Post warns Senate Democrats to be careful about their filibuster strategy and response to these proposed changes.

    There are currently 45 vacancies, and 13 are now considered judicial emergencies. There are 14 pending nominees. For more information see judicialnominations.org.

  • December 19, 2014

    by Rebekah DeHaven

    This week we saw a strong ending to the 113th Congress with the confirmation of all twelve district court nominees who were on the Senate floor. On Tuesday, December 16, the Senate confirmed all nominees by voice vote, with the exception of one who was confirmed by a roll call vote (noted below):

    • Haywood Gilliam, Northern District of California;
    • Amit Priyavadan Mehta, District of D.C.;
    • Jorge Alonso, Northern District of Illinois;
    • John Blakey, Northern District of Illinois;
    • Allison Burroughs, District of Massachusetts;
    • Stephen Bough, Western District of Missouri, 51-38;
    • Joan Azrack, Eastern District of New York;
    • Loretta Biggs, Middle District of North Carolina;
    • Robert Pitman, Western District of Texas;
    • Amos Mazzant, Eastern District of Texas;
    • Robert Schroeder, Eastern District of Texas; and
    • Elizabeth Dillion, Western District of Virginia.

    These votes bring 2014 to a close with an impressive total of 89 judicial confirmations. The 113th Congress concludes with only 42 current judicial vacancies and 25 future vacancies. When President Obama took office in 2009 there were 55 current judicial vacancies, and this week's votes finally brought the current number of vacancies below where the President began. In President Obama’s six years, there have been 307 confirmations, adding significant diversity to the federal bench.

    When the Senate returns in January there will be 43 current vacancies and 24 future vacancies.[1] Of the 43 current vacancies, 12 are now considered judicial emergencies. All pending nominations were returned to the President at the end of the Senate session, and President Obama will need to re-nominate them at the beginning of the 114th Congress.



    [1] A Western District of New York future vacancy will become current on 1/3/2015. 

     

  • December 11, 2014

    by Caroline Cox

    Christie Thompson of The Marshall Project takes a look at “Skewed Justice,” the ACS-sponsored report on state judicial elections, and argues that ugly judicial elections are bad news for defendants.

    In The Washington Post, Matea Gold reports that a last-minute provision in a congressional spending deal could result in a financial resurgence of large donations to national political parties.

    David Cole, Co-Faculty Adviser to the Georgetown University Law Center ACS Student Chapter, argues in The New Yorker that the report on the C.I.A.’s interrogation program is only a start to taking responsibility for the wrongs done.

    At Bloomberg View, Noah Feldman asserts that the Supreme Court does not understand wage labor.

    At The Hill, Alexander Bolton reports that President Obama’s nominees are in a critical situation as the 113th Congress approaches adjournment.

    Anemona Hartocollis writes in The New York Times that insurers in New York are now obligated to cover gender reassignment surgery.

  • November 14, 2014

    by Rebekah DeHaven

    The Senate returned this week following the midterm elections and its first order of business was to consider two district court nominations. On November 12, the Senate voted to invoke cloture on Randolph Moss (nominated to the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia) and Leigh Martin May (nominated to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia). Senator Reid (D-Nev.) also filed cloture on Eleanor Ross, Mark Cohen, and Leslie Abrams, all nominated to the Northern District of Georgia. On November 13, the Senate voted to confirm Moss, 54-45, and May, 99-0.

    Also on November 12, President Obama made four new judicial nominations: Dale Drozd to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California, LaShann Moutique DeArcy Hall to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, Luis Felipe Restrepo to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, and Kara Farnandez Stoll to the Federal Circuit. 

    On November 13, the Senate Judiciary Committee held a hearing on Joan Marie Azrack (U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York), Loretta Copeland Biggs (U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina), and Elizabeth K. Dillon (U.S. District Court for the Western District of Virginia). The Senate Judiciary Committee was also scheduled to vote on nine nominees, but they were held over at the request of Senator Grassley (R-Iowa).