by Jeremy Leaming
A proposed constitutional amendment to mandate a balanced budget has already failed in the House, but senators must also vote on a version before the end of the year as required by the debt-ceiling deal reached in the summer.
Beginning to consider a balanced budget measure, the Senate Judiciary’s Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights, earlier this week, heard from detractors and supporters of the idea that has been embraced by a slew of states and mulled in Congress for more than a decade. A measure similar to the one the House defeated last month was rejected by Congress in 1995.
Alan B. Morrison, an associate dean of George Washington University Law School for Public Interest and Public Service Law, and a distinguished law professor, told the Subcommittee the balanced budget amendment was a “bad idea,” and urged the Senate to “vote it down and get back to the real work of controlling our deficits.”
Morrison, who helped found Public Citizen Litigation, where he was involved in separation of powers cases, many of which reached the Supreme Court, said, in part, that the proposed amendments would likely shove courts into deciding budgetary matters.
He told senators that “thrusting the courts into budget battles is to me, and I believe to most others who have given the matter any serious thought, a terrible idea. At the very least, it is very strong medicine. But if that is what the sponsors think is needed, they should have the courage to say so. On the other hand, if the cure of judicial review is seen as worse than the ills of an unbalanced budget, Congress should make that clear in the amendment itself. If that option is taken, then the amendment will probably end up being little more than empty rhetoric, to be followed when it is convenient, and ignored when it is not. Meanwhile, serious efforts to bring our spending more in line with our revenues will be put on the back burner while Congress relies on the hope that the balanced budget amendment will do its job.”